The Great Storm of 1900
The Great Storm of 1900, also known as the Galveston Hurricane, was a powerful hurricane that made landfall on September 8th in Galveston, Texas. The storm caused at least 6,000 deaths and $30 million in damage at the time (about $1 billion today). The hurricane had maximum sustained winds between 145 and 155 mph with gusts up to 180 mph when it made landfall on Galveston Island around 2 PM CST. The 15-foot storm surge caused massive destruction throughout Galveston Island and surrounding areas; most houses were completely destroyed and thousands were left homeless after being washed away by flood waters during high tide hours later that night.
In response to the 1900 storm, Galveston built a 17-foot seawall and raised the elevation of the city using sand dredged from the Gulf of Mexico. The city became a popular tourist destination in part because of its beautiful beaches and warm climate; today, it's home to more than 50 beaches that attract millions of visitors each year.
Hurricane Ike in 2008
Hurricane Ike was a Category 2 hurricane that made landfall in Galveston on September 13, 2008. The storm caused extensive property damage and thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed by high winds and heavy rainfall. Hurricane Ike's winds reached 100 miles per hour as it moved over the Gulf of Mexico toward Texas, making it the fifth strongest hurricane ever recorded in the United States. The storm also produced waves up to 30 feet high along its path through the Gulf Coast states before hitting land in Galveston Bay with sustained winds of 110 miles per hour (177 km/h).
Notable Galveston Storms from Past to Present
The Great Storm of 1900 is the deadliest natural disaster to ever hit the United States. The storm hit Galveston Island on September 8, 1900, killing an estimated 6,000 people--about half of its population at the time. It was a Category 4 hurricane with winds reaching 145 miles per hour (mph). The next major storm was Hurricane Carla in 1961; it devastated parts of Texas and Louisiana but was less destructive than expected due to its fast forward speed and small size when compared to other hurricanes like Katrina in 2005 or Harvey last year. Alicia hit in 1983 as a Category 3 with winds up to 115 mph; it caused $1 billion worth of damage along its path through Texas and Louisiana before making landfall near Corpus Christi on August 17th that year as well as causing heavy flooding throughout Houston due mainly from heavy rain rather than high winds during landfall which made recovery efforts difficult since most homes were not built properly for this type of weather condition